Type O Negative
ype O Negative is medically known as the "universal donor" as the blood type "O-" is compatible with every human on earth and can therefore be transfused without rejection but must only be given it's type. Although it is not known if the blood type influenced their name, they were nonetheless incompatible with many humans from the get-go by causing controversy with the cover artwork depicting a phallic symbol on their Slow, Deep And Hard (1991) debut of the original line-up: Peter Steele (vocals/bass) who started the act after the breakup of his former outfit Carnivore, along with Josh Silver (keyboards), Sal Abruscato drum, and Kenny Kickey (guitar).
The Origin Of The Feces, their 1992 follow-up album, featured a cover that left even less guess work with music following much along the lines of NIN-esq Industrial gothic metal. Although several metal bands have incorporated Goth influences in their music, Type O Negative had been more overtly Goth than most, making them the standard by which to be judged when bands declare themselves "Gothic". Bloody Kisses (1993) came at the height of their cult following and would prove to be their best to date, it also saw the drummer Johnny Kelly replacing Abruscato. The follow-up 1996 release of October Rust made it to UK 26/US 42, while the previous year Peter Steele appeared naked in an issue of Playgirl magazine.
Up until this point Type O Negative had survived in the more experimental area of the Metal scene but in 1997 they made it mainstream with the release of a remix EP devoted entirely to their renditions of Neil Young's Cinnamon Girl. Although it didn't chart, it paved the way for the follow-up album The World Coming Down (1999) to make US 39/UK 49. After The Least Worst Of "best of..." compilation in 2000, the act took a rest before releasing their first studio effort in some 4 years with Life Is Killing Me (2003).