After a disagreement between Max Cavalera and his brother whilst still in Sepultura, the vocalist and guitarist would leave to form his own act in 1997 to follow a less Thrash/Death style and incorporate more Kornish down tuned guitar Hardcore Metal, continuing on from the Sepultura's Roots days. Hiring the services of Jackson Bandiera (a.k.a. Lucio; ex-Chico Science; guitar) and Marcelo D. Rapp Dias (ex-Mist; bass), Roy Rata Mayorga (ex-Agnostic Front/ex-Shelter/ex-Nausea/ex-Chaos USA; drums) he would proceed to record their self-titled debut album in 1998. Despite recently discovering God due to the death of his stepson from marriage to wife (and manager) Gloria, and the illness of his other two sons, his vocals remained ungodly on the album. The album was a hardcore blast of Heavy Metal that many found refreshing but no one could argue was anything but heavy. The follow-up album was no less different, featuring Mickey Doling replacing Bandiera and Joe Nunez replacing Mayorga, Primitive (2000) would see its chart position beat it's predecessor's 79 U.S. (16 U.K.) with a 32 U.S., but fared less well in the U.K. with a 45 this time around. Although Soulfly failed to woo over the Sepultura fans and has yet to generate the same following it at least showed that Max was capable of working outside of the act on his own, and this was further demonstrated on their latest, III (2002). In 2004 Nunez and Cavalera replaced Dias and Doling with Marc Rizzo (ex-Ill Nino; guitar) and Bobby Burns (ex-Ill Nino; bass) to release Prophecy.